A History of the Philippines - download pdf or read online

By Samuel K. Tan

A historical past of the Philippines, herein provided by means of Dr. Samuel ok. Tan … bargains a conceptual framework of what he calls “the tale of guy within the Philippines” within the context of “the particular ecological system” and “distinctive historic experience” that experience formed his “particular personality and identity.” Dr. Tan offers during this narrow quantity an image of Philippine tradition which … “ought to be understood from the totality of the ethnolinguistic kinds which represent the cloth of Filipino society.” —Bernardita Reyes Churchill

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The way of thought that brought together Confucian morality and Taoist sympathy with nature saw time as a series of cycles, without beginning or end. And, as Chu Hsi suggests, Buddhism, too, would be transformed as it entered this Confucian world. Yet, somehow the Chinese also saw history as lineal in its smaller dimensions. Unwilling to fix a time for the beginning of the world or of their nation, they marked their sixty-year cyclical calendar with the years of the reigning monarch, to date human events precisely in historical time.

Dynasties, usually after the fact, claimed their right to seize the throne to preserve the proper order of agents. D. D. 2-23), commonly known as the Usurper, justified his coup, which ended the Early Han dynasty, by the fact that he was a descendant of the Yellow Emperor, whose agent was Earth. So he was qualified to fill the place in the cyclical series which required another dynasty of the agent earth. Apparent irregularities in the series were explained away by conveniently inserting into the calendar an "intercalary" reign—a kind of leap year—of the fluid agent water.

He had not appeared on earth first as Gautama. For his perfect enlightenment could not have been attained in only one life. It must have been the result of his repeated earlier efforts in numerous incarnations. Only then had he become a Bodhisattva, a Bodhi-being in the person of the Prince Siddhartha. The explanation in the Buddhist scriptures of how this came about directs us to the Buddhist view of history. And their endless cycles of time also help us understand why the mystery of creation did not trouble them.

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A History of the Philippines by Samuel K. Tan


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