A Short Introduction to Classical Myth by Barry B. Powell PDF

By Barry B. Powell

ISBN-10: 0130258393

ISBN-13: 9780130258397

A necessary reference for someone drawn to gaining a deeper figuring out and appreciation of classical mythology, this special consultant bargains unique resource fabric at the social and ancient historical past, interpretation, and statement on significant literary books on Greek myth—such as Homer, Hesiod, the tragedians, the historians, Ovid, Vergil, and in Greek artwork. Written in a transparent and lucid demeanour, the e-book bargains clean and unique interpretations in response to the most recent scholarship, and is derived geared up into 3 targeted elements: I: Definitions and Interpretations (devoted to theoretical issues); II: heritage (to fill in details necessary to figuring out myth); and III: topics (chapters directed towards particular themes within the research of myth). For normal readers of English literature and/or classical mythology.

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The myth, he argued, symbolizes the breaking away of an individual's consciousness from the great collective unconscious of the world. The dragon represents the collective unconscious, always trying to swallow the hero, who symbolizes individual consciousness. The collective unconscious is also represented by the Great Mother goddess, the mother of all things, a recurrent type in myth and in the history of religion.

His theory is yet another that connects the mythical with the primitive and the irrational, an approach common since the Enlightenment. A Freudian reading of myth is allegory in yet another guise, translating mythical patterns and events into psychological patterns and events. But like Max Muller, and unlike earlier interpreters, Freud explained not merely how, but also why, shifts occur from one meaning to another. 6 The notion that "ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny" (the development of the individual goes through the same stages as that of the race) was developed by embryologist August Weissman (1834-1914) some time before Freud.

The war in heaven and Cronus' swallowing his children were explained as recollections of palace intrigues. During his reign, according to the column, Zeus was said to have traveled the earth teaching the arts of civilized life, banning such reprehensible religious practices as cannibalism and founding temples. According to the story, he actually lived for a while on Mount Olympus, then, at the end of a long life, Zeus retired to Crete, died, and was buried near Cnossus. " 22 D E F I N I T I O N S AND I N T E R P R E T A T I O N Although Euhemerus' story of the inscribed column is a fiction, his underlying theory is quite plausible and enters many modern interpretations of myth.

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A Short Introduction to Classical Myth by Barry B. Powell

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