By Leslie A. Schuster
During this learn of the existence and paintings of Saint-Nazaire's shipbuilding staff within the 30 years earlier than global battle I, Schuster exhibits that the results of business creation for staff differed sharply in response to their assets and stories. She information the competing identities and divergent values maintained through shipbuilding staff, demonstrating that they have been fostered via the interplay among nation courses, business construction, and the traditions pursued within the neighborhood realm. 3rd Republic fiscal rules for shipbuilding promoted unemployment and employee dependence on nation officers over union leaders, and the asymmetric program of capitalist equipment of creation intended a number of office stories that additional undercut organization.
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Additional info for A Workforce Divided: Community, Labor, and the State in Saint-Nazaire's Shipbuilding Industry, 1880-1910
51. The steady growth of Saint-Nazaire's maritime activity did little to alleviate widespread unemployment. William Sewell shows that in Marseilles in the 1840s increased maritime traffic meant an "increased level of employment" for dockers, rather than new hires. Saint-Nazaire may also have had an underemployed labor force on the docks. In addition, by the early part of the decade, machinery had become generalized in the handling of coal and other imported merchandise, requiring even fewer workers.
87 Once production began at the shipyards and at the nearby Trignac steel factory, which employed 800 workers in the manufacture of steel plates and bars, SaintNazaire's population increased from about 16,000 in 1882 to 20,182 in 1886 and then to nearly 35,000 by 1901. The population of the working-class district of Mean-Penhouet increased to 4,259 by 1896, more than double its size in An Industry Builds a Town 25 1862. This time jobs in shipbuilding and steel production attracted more specialized workers, in contrast to the primarily unskilled population that had arrived in the 1870s to build the railroads and port.
100. Barbance, Saint-Nazaire, 297. 101. Gueriff, Historique de Saint-Nazaire: De la construction du port, 38-51, 58; Barbance, Saint-Nazaire, 294-297. An Industry Builds a Town 37 102. After ten years of lobbying, the chamber of commerce won autonomy for the port in March 1889. Barbance, Saint-Nazaire, 306; Moret, Histoire de Saint Nazaire, 898-899. 103. ). 104. ADLA 1M2162 "Prefet," 1 August 1887; La Democratic de VOuest (8 February 1891). 105. La Democratic de VOuest (21 January 1912). 106. Chamber of commerce records and union and council meetings provide innumerable instances of this activity.
A Workforce Divided: Community, Labor, and the State in Saint-Nazaire's Shipbuilding Industry, 1880-1910 by Leslie A. Schuster